Lord Baden Powell
Lord Baden Powell (1857-1941) was a British general and founder of the modern Scouting movement. He studied at Charter house school and served in the British army from 1876 -1910. He became a national hero during the Boer war of 1899-1900 when, with a small garrison, he commandeered the defence of Mafeking. It was during the Boer war that Baden Powell wrote down a guide to Scouting. Initially meant for military purposes, after the war he felt it could be used as a focus for young boys to give them more meaning in life.